During transportation, the packaged goods experience different types of efforts which may affect its content and integrity. Movements during load and unload, vibrations in the vehicle and horizontal accelerations/decelerations incurred in transport by road, train or sea damage and deform packaging inducing safety risks.
Therefore, predicting the behaviour of packaged pallets during transport is a key issue to ensure safe transportation of goods. Simulation tests have proven their effectiveness to predict these issues.
For this reason, the European Commission has recently regulated the limits of deformation in packaging packaged loads during transport and they have begun to develop their own methodology to validate the safety of packaging (EUMOS5). Unfortunately, the ability of current testing machines to mimic real shipment of packed pallets is still limited and they cannot guarantee 100% to accomplish with this new legal framework.